Internet Terminology


    Internet Service Providers are companies like RCN, Service Electric, and Verizon that provide access to the Internet for your computer. The service provider charges you a fee in return for a software package, username and password that allows you to connect to the Internet. Verizon will enable you to connect with DSL over your current phone line with a modem.



Access Provider
A company that sells Internet connectivity that allows your computer to connect to their server. This company or ISP ( internet service provider ) is connected to other servers through network access points on the Internet backbone. This Internet backbone of servers throughout the world makes up the World Wide Web. Your access provider will require a login name and password in order to use their Internet connectivity.

ActiveX
A Java-like Microsoft language that permits web-originated programs to be run from Microsoft Explorer browser. ActiveX is reusable software or controls that perform certain functions independently of programming languages. ActiveX controls enable distributed applications to work over the Internet through your web browser.

Acronyms
a series of letters that make up a "word". An acronym is a new word formed from the initial letters of several words in a phrase. Example: ISP is an acronym for Internet Service Provider.



Adware
Any software application in which advertising banners are displayed while the program is running. These ads are commonly viewed through pop-up windows or through a bar that appears on a computer screen.

Affiliate
A website company, or marketing program that aims to drive targeted traffic to a website via a link or search utility on another website.

Agent
Client or robot programs, often able to act autonomously.



Alta Vista *
AltaVista is a prominent search engine on the Internet. AltaVista like all search engines ranks search results and displays the results in your web browser after you have submitted a specific search. Various criteria determine the order of search results that are displayed in your browser. Website link popularity is just one of the ways to determine the importance of a web site and where it should appear on the list.

Alias
An alternative name for an object, such as a variable, file, or device.

Alt
ALT is an image attribute that specifies some particular text that can be displayed by a browser as an alternative to that image. The ALT attribute allows an alternative text description for images. You can use the ALT parameter to describe a particular image on you web page.

Android
Android is a software stack for mobile devices that includes an operating system, middleware and key applications. Android SDK provides the tools and APIs necessary to begin developing applications on the Android platform using the Java programming language. Android will ship with a set of core applications including an email client, SMS program, calendar, maps, browser, contacts, and others. The first Android-powered phone is the T-Mobil G1.

Anonymous FTP
Allows for users to access your web site with standard File Transfer Protocol (FTP) client software in order to upload/download files without supplying a unique username and password (anonymous). With the advent of the current HTTP specifications and browsers, however, this is fairly moot, since the same can be done through your browser.

Anti-Virus
A class of software that searches your hard drive and floppy disks for any known or potential viruses. The market for this kind of program has expanded with Internet growth and the increasing use of the Internet by businesses concerned about protecting their computer assets.

Applet *
A high-level program that can be included in an HTML page, most often an image. The program's code is then executed by the browser. Note: Many older browsers cannot interpret Java applets and disregard them.

Application
Applications software (also called end-user programs) includes database programs, word processors, and spreadsheets. Figuratively speaking, applications software sits on top of systems software because it is unable to run without the operating system and system utilities.

Archie
A program that enables you to search for files anywhere on the Internet by filename.

Argument
Words or numbers you enter as part of an HTML tag to expand or modify how that tag operates.

ASCII
Acronym for AMERICAN STANDARD CODE FOR INFORMATION INTERCHANGE, a standard character set.

ASP *
Active Server Pages.

Authentication
The process of identifying an individual, usually based on a username and password.

Authoring Software
Computer programs that aid in creating HTML documents by inserting the code for tags.  MS FrontPage is an example of authoring software.


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