Geography - United States Map
Capital - Montgomery
Nickname. Heart of Dixie.
Population (2010 census). 4,779,736 -- rank, 22nd state. Urban, 60.0%; rural, 40.0%. Persons per square mile, 80 (persons per square kilometer, 30.9)-- rank, 26th state.
Extent. Area, 51,705 square miles (133,915 square kilometers), including 938 square miles (2,429 square kilometers) of water surface (29th state in size).
Elevation. Highest, Cheaha Mountain, 2,407 feet (734 meters) near Talladega; lowest, sea level; average, 500 feet (152 meters).
Geographic Center. 12 miles (19 kilometers) southwest of Clanton.
Famous Landmarks include - Wilson Dam, on the Tennessee River which was built between 1918 and 1925 by the United States Army Corps of Engineers and later came under the control of the Tennessee Valley Authority or TVA. Wilson Dam is the oldest of TVA's hydroelectric dams.
Alabama is home to 1 of 2 surviving South Dakota-class battleships. The Alabama was commissioned in 1942 and spent forty months in active service in World War II's Pacific theater. The battleship earned 9 battle stars over 26 engagements with the Japanese.
Martin Luther King, Jr. was the pastor of the Dexter Avenue Baptist Churchthis from 1954 to 1960. The Montgomery Improvement Association, which was headed by Dr. King, had its headquarters in the church and organized the Montgomery Bus Boycott from this site in 1955.
The Edmund Pettus Bridge which goes across the Alabama River is noted for being the site of a bloody encounter during a civil rights march in 1965. This event was influential in the passage of that year's Voting Rights Act.
Festivals and Fairs Fun:
North Alabama State Fair runs from September 20 - 25, 2016. Everyday Entertainment at the fair includes Fast Action Motorsports, Skin and Bones Comedy Act, Tennessee Valley Zoo, Rust and Flames Blacksmith, Children's Building plus much more
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