Internet Terminology


Domain name is the "address" or URL of a particular Web site on the internet (Ex. www.LVBO.org). This text name corresponds to the IP address of a computer that is connected to the Internet. The prefix of the domain name can have different ending extensions:
(.com) (.net) (.org) (.biz) (.info (.mobi) (.name) (.pro) (.tel) or (.us)
Internet Services




Backbone (Internet Backbone)
A backbone is a large transmission line that carries data gathered from smaller lines that interconnect with it. On the Internet or other wide area network, a backbone is a set of paths that local or regional networks connect to for long-distance interconnection.

Backup
The process of copying files so that they are preserved in the case of equipment failure or catastrophe. If files are damaged on the server, the backup of data is restored back to the machine.

Bandwidth
The amount of data that can be transmitted in a fixed amount of time. For digital devices, the bandwidth is usually expressed in bits per second (bps) or bytes per second.  Web hosting accounts usually offer bandwidth amounts in gigabytes per month.



Banner Advertising
A graphic advertising image on a web site.

Baud rate
The speed rate of a data channel - expressed as bits per second (bps) - which is usually used when referring to the speed of modems.

BBS
Bulletin Board System. An electronic message center. Most bulletin boards serve specific interest groups.

Benchmark
A test used to compare performance of hardware and/or software.

Binary
Pertaining to a number system that has just two unique digits. Computers are based on the binary numbering system, which consists of just two unique numbers, 0 and 1.



Bit
Short for binary digit, the smallest unit of information on a machine. A single bit can hold only one of two values: 0 or 1.

Bluetooth
Bluetooth is a wireless network that has a short range and can be used to connect a system with its internal components like monitor, mouse, CPU, etc without actually having a plug in. Components that support the Bluetooth technology can be detected whenever they are in the detectable range.

Body
HTML tag used to enclose the body (all the text and tags) of the HTML document.

Bookmark
Nearly all web browsers support a bookmarking feature that lets you save the address (URL) of a web page so that you can easily revisit the page at a later time.

Browser
Short for web browser, a software application which enables a user to display and interact with text, images, videos, music and other information typically located on a Web page. Some of the Web browsers currently available for personal computers include Mozilla Firefox, Safari, Opera, Flock, Internet Explorer, Epiphany, and AOL Explorer.

Byte *
Eight bits; the fundamental unit of personal computer data

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