Geography - United States Map

Capital - Springfield
Nickname. Land of Lincoln.
Motto. State Sovereignty, National Union.

Population (2010 census). 12,830,632

Extent. Area, 56,345 square miles (145,933 square kilometers), including 700 square miles (1,813 square kilometers) of water surface (24th state in size).

Elevation. Highest, Charles Mound, 1,235 feet (376 meters), near Scales Mound; lowest, along Mississippi River in Alexander County, 279 feet (85 meters); average 600 feet (183 meters).

Geographic Center. 28 miles (45 kilometers) northeast of Springfield.

Festivals and Fairs Fun:
Illinois as well as all of the other 49 states have terrific festivals and fairs scheduled throughout the year. Find out what festivals and fairs are scheduled in your area, the event dates and time. Performers appearing, concert shows, rides, carnivals, parades and fireworks displays at .

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