United States Map
Capital -- Harrisburg
Nickname -- Keystone State.
Motto -- Virtue, Liberty, and Independence.
Geographic Center -- 2.5 miles (4 kilometers) southwest of Bellefonte.
Land Use -- Crops, 20%; pasture, 3%; forest, 57%; other, 20%.
Population -- ( 2010 census ). 12,702,379
Land Area -- 45,333 square miles (117,412 square kilometers), including 367 square miles (951 square kilometers) of water surface (33rd state in size).
Elevation -- Highest, Mount Davis, 3,213 feet (979 meters), in Somerset County; lowest, Delaware River, sea level; average, 500 feet (152 meters).
Offical Pennsylvania -- Bird: Ruffed grouse; Fisf: Brook trout; Flower: Mountain laurel; Tree: Hemlock
History -- Pennsylvania was the 2nd, state to enter the union of states on December 12, 1787.
State Legal Holidays -- New Year's Day, 1 January; Birthday of Martin Luther King Jr., 3rd Monday in January; Presidents' Day, 3rd Monday in February; Memorial Day, last Monday in May; Independence Day, 4 July; Labor Day, 1st Monday in September; Columbus Day, 2nd Monday in October; Veterans' Day, 11 November; Thanksgiving Day, 4th Thursday in November and the following day; Christmas Day, 25 December.
The main population centers in the state of Pennsylvania are the cities of Philadelphia, York, Reading and Lancaster in the southeast, Pittsburgh in the southwest, the Lehigh Valley, which is the tri-cities of Allentown, Bethlehem, and Easton in the central east, the tri-cities of Scranton, Wilkes-Barre, and Hazleton in the northeast, and Erie in the northwest.
Pennsylvania is a great state for fun because it is home to some of the country's best-known amusement parks. Parks include Kennywood in Pittsburgh along with Hersheypark in Hershey PA. Then there is Dorney Park and Wildwater Kingdom in Allentown. If you are in Philadelphia check out Sesame Place. Knoebels, the largest free-admission theme park in America is located in Elysburg PA. Out in western Pennsylvania in Pittsburgh, be sure to visit Sandcastle Water Park. Up in the northern part of the state in Erie you have Waldameer Park and Water World. If you are visiting Lancaster do not miss Dutch Wonderland.
Festivals and Fairs:
Allentown Fair - The Great Allentown Fair in 2013 celebrates its 161st year offering a fun and educational experience for visitors of all ages. The fair is dedicated to supporting the achievements of farmers, gardeners and homemakers, the Fair enables children to learn where their food comes from while spending an exciting day riding rides, playing games and seeing shows on the midway and in the grandstand. You will find international cuisine, musical concerts, and thrill shows.
Musikfest - Celebrates 30th. Anniversary in 2013. Musikfest is one of the largest and most diverse music festivals in the nation, with 500-plus shows on 14 stages over 10 days. Each year more than 900,000 people make their way to the Lehigh Valley and the festival, with their sights set on experiencing all the music, food and fun of this musical extravaganza.
Bloomsburg Fair - The 158th Annual Bloomsburg Fair is celbrated in 2013. Each year exhibitors, entertainers, and fairgoers come together to celebrate an amazing event in the North Eastern part of the USA. The Bloomsburg Fair is the largest Ag Fair in Pennsylvania and one of the largest on the East Coast, this is one event you truly cannot afford to miss.
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