Internet Terminology

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Script
a program or sequence of instructions that is interpreted or carried out by another program rather than by the computer processor.

Search Engine
is comprised of three parts:
(1) a spider that goes to every page or representative pages on every Web site that wants to be searchable and reads it, using hypertext links on each page to discover and read a site's other pages.
(2) a program that creates a huge index (sometimes called a "catalog") from the pages that have been read.
(3) a program that receives your search request, compares it to the entries in the index, and returns results to you.

SHTML
A Web file with the suffix of ".shtml" (rather than the usual ".htm") indicates a file that includes some information that will be added "on the fly" by the server before it is sent to you. A typical use is to include a "Last modified" date at the bottom of the page.

SSI - Server Side Includes *
A server-side include is a variable value (for example, a file "Last modified" date) that a server can include in an HTML file before it sends it to the requestor.

SSID
is short for service set identifier which is a 32-character unique identifier attached to the header of packets sent over a WLAN and acts as a password when a mobile device tries to connect to the BSS. The SSID identifier differentiates one WLAN from another. All access points and all devices attempting to connect to a specific WLAN must use the same SSID. A device will not be permitted to join the BSS unless it can provide the unique SSID. Because an SSID can be sniffed in plain text from a packet it does not supply any security to the network.

SLIP
is a TCP/IP protocol used for communication between two machines that are previously configured for communication with each other.

Shareware
software that is distributed free on a trial basis with the understanding that the user may need or want to pay for it later.

Shockwave
developed by Macromedia, shockwave is a family of multimedia players.



SMTP - Simple Mail Transfer Protocol
a TCP/IP protocol used in sending and receiving e-mail. However, since it's limited in its ability to queue messages at the receiving end, it's usually used with one of two other protocols, POP3 or Internet Message Access Protocol, that let the user save messages in a server mailbox and download them periodically from the server. Users typically use a program that uses SMTP for sending e-mail and either POP3 or IMAP for receiving messages that have been received for them at their local server. On UNIX-based systems, sendmail is the most widely-used SMTP server for e-mail

slot
An expansion slot on a PC that alows for adding capability to a computer in the form of connection pinholes (typically, in the range of 16 to 64 closely-spaced holes) and a place to fit an expansion card containing the circuitry that provides some specialized capability, such as video acceleration, sound, or disk drive control.

spyware
Computer software that is installed surreptitiously on a personal computer to intercept or take partial control over the user's interaction with the computer, without the user's informed consent.



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